Malabar Nutmeg Tree

Malabar Nutmeg is a tree about 25 m tall. Bark is greenish-black, smooth; blaze reddish. Branches are horizontal, branchlets round, hairless. Red sap oozes from cut end of bark. Alternately arranged leaves, 9.5-22 x 3.7-10 cm, are elliptic or elliptic-oblong, tip pointed, base narrow or flat, margin entire, glossy above, hairless and glaucous beneath, leathery. Leaf-stalks are 1.0-1.5 cm long. Midrib is raised above, secondary_nerves 8-14 pairs. Flowers are unisexual, urn-shaped, white. Male flowers are numerous, smaller than female flowers, borne in cymes in leaf axils. Female flowers are borne in 5-6 flowered umbels. Capsule is 5-7.5 x 1.8-3.5, oblong, velvety, with one oblong seed. Aril covering the seed yellow and stringy. Malabar Nutmeg is endemic to the Western Ghats - South and Central Sahyadris.

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